The term bone cancer refers to several types of cancers which can develop in the bones. Cancer cells can grow in bone tissue and cause damage to normal bone tissue. Type of bone cancer depends on the type of tissue and cell that is involved.
Primary bone cancers are those that develop in the bone. Many tumors that start in organs or other areas of the body can spread to bones and other body parts. These tumors are known as secondary or metastatic bone carcinomas.
Breast and Prostate are the most common types of metastatic (spread to) bone cancers. A person should seek a bone cancer expert if they feel they have symptoms related to this cancer.
How common is bone cancer?
Bone cancers can be rare. They account for less than 1% in all cancers in the United States. They can occur at any age but are more prevalent in young people, teens, and young adults than older adults.
Where is bone cancer most often started?
It all depends on the type of bone cancer.
Osteosarcoma : Osteosarcoma This is the most common form of bone cancer. It occurs in the bone tissue where it forms. Although it can occur in any bone, it is most common to develop at the ends large bones like the legs and arms. Osteosarcoma is most often diagnosed in children and teens by doctors.
Ewing Sarcoma : Named after the doctor who first described the type of bone cancer, Ewing Sarcoma is a collection of tumors that share similar characteristics and may originate in the same cells. These tumors may form in the bone and surrounding soft tissue. Ewing sarcoma is most common in the hips, ribs, shoulder blades, and long bones like the legs.